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Interior Design and Architectural Styles

The world of design and architecture consists of different types of design styles. Each style evolved as a result of changing trends. It is often possible to see how a certain style derived inspiration from a previous original style, but adapted itself to its time. For example, in the modern style we can see great changes that have taken place over the years, inspired by the development of different industries, technologies, etc.  In this article we will review several design styles for the home, and the elements that characterize each of these styles.​

 

Eclectic Style

 

According to the Hebrew Ibn Shushan Dictionary, the word eclectic is derived from the word “leket”, which means collection. Indeed, the style is characterized by a combination of different design styles and draws inspiration from historical cultures and elements. The style is characterized by a delicate combination of familiar styles and combines the old and the new. The style uses pleasant colors and special items reminiscent of different cultures.

 

The eclectic style is characterized by the following important elements:

 

  • Combining old and new to create a connection between vintage and modern objects.

 

  • Using personal objects of sentimental value and integrating them into the overall design.

 

  • Combining several styles such as industrial, ethnic, modern, vintage, etc.

 

  • A twist in color or texture of an element identified with a particular style, such as upholstering a vintage sofa with a fabric that has modern textures.

 

Modern Style

 

The modern style that we know today was born from the international style. Bauhaus is a design and architecture school that was established in 1919 in Germany by Walter Gropius. The school was the birthplace of revolution in modern design. The international style changed the perception in the world of design and served as the basis for contemporary styles which exist today, such as modern, classical, and industrial styles.​

 

The modern style is characterized by several important elements:

 

  • Use of geometrical shapes without over-decoration.

 

  • Combining minimalistic materials of metal and plastic or glass.

 

  • Beauty derives from the function - use.

 

  • Creation of a clean general appearance - highlighting the truth of the material and color.

Industrial Style

 

The period of the Industrial Revolution took place from the mid-eighteenth century until the middle of the 19th century. At that time, the aesthetics of the factories and workshops began to be understood. To this day, elements of the industrial world are entering the realm of home design and architecture. The style is characterized primarily by the use of materials in an industrial appearance, an unfinished and uncluttered look that gives the interior a rough atmosphere. The aesthetic of this style is based on exposing the heavy systems of the structure in the sense that they become an integral part of the design.

 

The industrial style is characterized by several important elements:

 

  • Large open spaces - lofts that have been converted from workshops and factories to residential spaces, restaurants, etc.

 

  • Exposed systems such as electrical pipes, lighting, heating, and more.

 

  • Use of elements from the street and outside world and integrating them into the design.

 

  • Use of objects borrowed from the world of heavy industry and crafts.

Scandinavian Nordic Style

 

The Scandinavian Nordic style is also perceived as a modern design style. The style, which has become very popular in recent years, is considered a restrained, clean, monochromatic style. It connects design, use, accessibility and aesthetics.

 

Scandinavian design began to develop between the two world wars, but was recognized as a result of an exhibition in Scandinavia in the United States and Canada in 1954. The exhibition presented simple designs characterized by clean lines that were available to everyone and inspired by the northern climate. The style is also characterized by the use of a monochromatic color scale (several shades of the same color), usually black and gray on a white background and subtle wood shades.​

 

The Scandinavian Nordic style is characterized by several important elements:

 

  • The style is presented in the space of a white background that provides a clean basis for the elements which make up the whole space.

 

  • Selecting a guiding color scale based on black, white, grey and wood.

 

  • Wooden floor coverings in natural/white wood or concrete flooring.

 

  • Integration of functional and modest furniture from natural materials such as wood, glass, and metal in order to emphasize the clean lines of the space.

  • Inserting Scandinavian items in the correct dosage such as the ant chair, the swamp chair (Arne Jacobsen) and the artichoke lamp (Poul Henningsen).

 

 

Rustic Design Style

 

The origin of the rustic design style derives from old buildings in the United States and Europe. This style is characterized by the use of basic natural materials such as wood, stone, and rough textiles.  In kitchens, the style is expressed in many designs on the kitchen doors. The color is generally  on the white scale, combined with solid wood, with all the elements of the metalwork accentuated in a dark and old look. Exposing equipment and serving utensils in the kitchen is very typical of style, because it creates a natural rural atmosphere of work and crafts, where most of the home life takes place.

 

The rustic style is characterized by several important elements:

 

  • Soft and pleasant colors on white, cream, and wood.

 

  • Use of natural appearance materials such as unprocessed or polished wood, and local stones and metals.

 

  • Creation of a warm and inviting appearance by combining several types of textiles within the space, such as multiple cushions, curtains, and rugs in bright colors and textures.

 

  • Adding frames and moldings to kitchen doors.

 

  • Hanging of cooking utensils inside the kitchen that are generally stored in cabinets.

 

  • Use of decorative elements to create an old-fashioned look.

This article was written by Bazelet Architects, who give lectures at the Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design and at the Israeli Building Center. It contains recommendations only and does not replace consultation with all relevant professionals.